Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

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Geauthoriseerde naam

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

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Aandere naamsvormen

  • James 'Paraffin' Young

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Beschrijving

Bestaansperiode

1811-1883

Geschiedenis

James Young was born in Glasgow in 1811. He attended Professor Thomas Graham's chemistry lectures at Anderson's University in 1830, became Graham's assistant in 1832 and followed him to University College, London in 1837. He became manager of the chemical works of James Muspratt, St Helens, Lancashire in 1838, and moved to Tennants, Clow & Co of Ardwick, Manchester in 1844. In 1848, Young established an oil refinery at Alfreton, Derbyshire with James Oakes, and in 1850 he was granted a 14 year patent for a process to extract oil from cannel coal. He subsequently entered into partnership with Edward Binney and Edward Meldrum for the manufacture of oils from Boghead cannel coal at Bathgate, West Lothian, and began the sale of paraffin. Young embarked on considerable litigation against other companies who had attempted to infringe his patent. In 1865, Young bought out his business partners and a year later established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company, with new works at Addiewell, Bathgate. He also patented other industrial processes.

James Young was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1861 and of the Royal Society in 1873. From 1868-1877 he was President of Anderson's University, and a great benefactor to the University. He founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry in 1869. He was a lifelong friend of David Livingstone, who had been a medical student at Anderson's University in the 1830s, and funded Livingstone's African expeditions. He was a keen yachtsman and made long voyages with family and friends on his yacht, 'Nyanza'. Young continued his scientific experiments in retirement, notably on the velocity of light, with Professor George Forbes of Anderson's University. In 1879, Young was awarded the degree of LLD of St Andrews University.

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relaties

Related entity

Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer (1849-1936)

Identificatie van de gerelateerde entiteit

P0005

Soort relatie

associative

Datering van de relatie

1872 - 1880

Beschrijving van de relatie

Related entity

Young Chair of Technical Chemistry, Glasgow (1869-1887)

Identificatie van de gerelateerde entiteit

C0029

Soort relatie

associative

Datering van de relatie

1869 - ?

Beschrijving van de relatie

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow (1796-1887)

Identificatie van de gerelateerde entiteit

C0046

Soort relatie

associative

Datering van de relatie

1868-01-01 - 1877-01-01

Beschrijving van de relatie

Related entity

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist (1805-1869)

Identificatie van de gerelateerde entiteit

P0004

Soort relatie

associative

Datering van de relatie

Beschrijving van de relatie

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Beheer

Authority record identifier

P0032

Identificatiecode van de instelling

GB 249

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ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

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Datering van aanmaak, herziening of verwijdering

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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