Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Personne

Forme autorisée du nom

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

  • James 'Paraffin' Young

Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

Zone de description

Dates d'existence

1811-1883

Historique

James Young was born in Glasgow in 1811. He attended Professor Thomas Graham's chemistry lectures at Anderson's University in 1830, became Graham's assistant in 1832 and followed him to University College, London in 1837. He became manager of the chemical works of James Muspratt, St Helens, Lancashire in 1838, and moved to Tennants, Clow & Co of Ardwick, Manchester in 1844. In 1848, Young established an oil refinery at Alfreton, Derbyshire with James Oakes, and in 1850 he was granted a 14 year patent for a process to extract oil from cannel coal. He subsequently entered into partnership with Edward Binney and Edward Meldrum for the manufacture of oils from Boghead cannel coal at Bathgate, West Lothian, and began the sale of paraffin. Young embarked on considerable litigation against other companies who had attempted to infringe his patent. In 1865, Young bought out his business partners and a year later established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company, with new works at Addiewell, Bathgate. He also patented other industrial processes.

James Young was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1861 and of the Royal Society in 1873. From 1868-1877 he was President of Anderson's University, and a great benefactor to the University. He founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry in 1869. He was a lifelong friend of David Livingstone, who had been a medical student at Anderson's University in the 1830s, and funded Livingstone's African expeditions. He was a keen yachtsman and made long voyages with family and friends on his yacht, 'Nyanza'. Young continued his scientific experiments in retirement, notably on the velocity of light, with Professor George Forbes of Anderson's University. In 1879, Young was awarded the degree of LLD of St Andrews University.

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Textes de référence

Organisation interne/Généalogie

Contexte général

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Entité associée

Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer (1849-1936)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0005

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1872 - 1880

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Young Chair of Technical Chemistry, Glasgow (1869-1887)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

C0029

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1869 - ?

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Anderson's College, Glasgow (1796-1887)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

C0046

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1868-01-01 - 1877-01-01

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist (1805-1869)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0004

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Zone des points d'accès

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Lieux

Occupations

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la notice d'autorité

P0032

Identifiant du service d'archives

GB 249

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

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Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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  • Presse-papier

  • Exporter

  • EAC

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