Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

Área de identidad

Tipo de entidad

Persona

Forma autorizada del nombre

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nombre

Forma(s) normalizada del nombre, de acuerdo a otras reglas

Otra(s) forma(s) de nombre

  • James 'Paraffin' Young

Identificadores para instituciones

Área de descripción

Fechas de existencia

1811-1883

Historia

James Young was born in Glasgow in 1811. He attended Professor Thomas Graham's chemistry lectures at Anderson's University in 1830, became Graham's assistant in 1832 and followed him to University College, London in 1837. He became manager of the chemical works of James Muspratt, St Helens, Lancashire in 1838, and moved to Tennants, Clow & Co of Ardwick, Manchester in 1844. In 1848, Young established an oil refinery at Alfreton, Derbyshire with James Oakes, and in 1850 he was granted a 14 year patent for a process to extract oil from cannel coal. He subsequently entered into partnership with Edward Binney and Edward Meldrum for the manufacture of oils from Boghead cannel coal at Bathgate, West Lothian, and began the sale of paraffin. Young embarked on considerable litigation against other companies who had attempted to infringe his patent. In 1865, Young bought out his business partners and a year later established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company, with new works at Addiewell, Bathgate. He also patented other industrial processes.

James Young was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1861 and of the Royal Society in 1873. From 1868-1877 he was President of Anderson's University, and a great benefactor to the University. He founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry in 1869. He was a lifelong friend of David Livingstone, who had been a medical student at Anderson's University in the 1830s, and funded Livingstone's African expeditions. He was a keen yachtsman and made long voyages with family and friends on his yacht, 'Nyanza'. Young continued his scientific experiments in retirement, notably on the velocity of light, with Professor George Forbes of Anderson's University. In 1879, Young was awarded the degree of LLD of St Andrews University.

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Estatuto jurídico

Funciones, ocupaciones y actividades

Mandatos/fuentes de autoridad

Estructura/genealogía interna

Contexto general

Área de relaciones

Entidad relacionada

Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer (1849-1936)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

P0005

Categoría de la relación

associative

Fechas de la relación

1872 - 1880

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Young Chair of Technical Chemistry, Glasgow (1869-1887)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

C0029

Categoría de la relación

associative

Fechas de la relación

1869 - ?

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Anderson's College, Glasgow (1796-1887)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

C0046

Categoría de la relación

associative

Fechas de la relación

1868-01-01 - 1877-01-01

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist (1805-1869)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

P0004

Categoría de la relación

associative

Fechas de la relación

Descripción de la relación

Área de puntos de acceso

Puntos de acceso por materia

Puntos de acceso por lugar

Occupations

Área de control

Identificador de registro de autoridad

P0032

Identificador de la institución

GB 249

Reglas y/o convenciones usadas

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Estado de elaboración

Nivel de detalle

Fechas de creación, revisión o eliminación

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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Notas de mantención

  • Portapapeles

  • Exportar

  • EAC

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