Collection T-MIN/12 - Photographs of occupation of Mashonaland

Identity area

Reference code

GB 249 T-MIN/12

Title

Photographs of occupation of Mashonaland

Date(s)

  • 1890 - 1977 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

0.2 metres

Context area

Name of creator

(1846-1930)

Biographical history

William Ellerton Fry was born in Somerset in 1846. He emigrated to South Africa in 1872, where he became a prospector, farmer and trader. From 1872 to 1890, he was Secretary and Computer at the Royal Observatory, Cape Town. In 1890, he accompanied the Pioneer Column, a force raised by Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of South Africa, and the British South Africa Company, to occupy the territory of Mashonaland (later renamed Rhodesia and now Zimbabwe). Fry was Chief of the Survey Department and Official Photographer of the expeditionary force. He published an album of his photographs of the occupation of Mashonaland in 1891. In later life Fry was a surveyor, diamond prospector and farmer in Rhodesia and South Africa. He died in Mowbray, Cape Town in 1930.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Reproductions, made c 1977, of photographs taken in 1890 by William Ellerton Fry of the trek of the Pioneer Column from the Macloutsie River in Northern Bechuanaland to the high veld, Matabeleland and Fort Salisbury, Mashonaland, through Providential Pass. The photographs document the progress of the trek and record the contact of the Pioneer Column with the local African population. In addition to the photographs, there is some biographical information about William Ellerton Fry and a press cutting about the unveiling of a memorial to the Pioneer Column in Providential Pass.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Open

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

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Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

W. Ellerton Fry Collection (Cape Town University Library)

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Accession area