Type of entity
Authorized form of name
Occupational and Environmental Diseases Association
Parallel form(s) of name
Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules
Other form(s) of name
- Society for the Prevention of Asbestosis and Industrial Diseases (SPAID)
Identifiers for corporate bodies
Dates of existence
Founded by health and safety campaigner Nancy Tait (1920-2009), the Occupational and Environmental Diseases Association (OEDA) started out as the world’s first asbestos action group, the Society for the Prevention of Asbestosis and Industrial Diseases (SPAID).
SPAID was registered as a charity in November 1978, initially operating from Nancy Tait’s home in Enfield, North London. Following a successful funding bid to the Greater London Council, the charity occupied office space in Cuffley, North London, from October 1983. Funding continued for nearly 20 years. In 1988 SPAID added an electron microscope laboratory to its services, the EM Research Unit, which was equipped with the latest technology to detect asbestos fibres in lung tissue. The EM Unit occupied a ground floor suite at Mitre House, Enfield, which also provided additional office space. In 1995 the organisation’s two offices were consolidated at Mitre House.
At the instigation of the organisation's main funding body, SPAID underwent a management review by the Charities Effectiveness Review Trust during 1991. One outcome of the reviewing process was the decision to appoint a salaried executive director and to bring the organisation in line with the funding body’s standards for business procedures. A working party was set up in 1992, with the result that OEDA was formally incorporated at the end of September 1993 and registered as a charity in January 1994. At that stage OEDA was projected to take over as SPAID’s successor organisation from April 1994. In effect the two bodies existed in tandem for over two years. During the transition an executive director was appointed but remained in office for three months only, after which management reverted to previous arrangements. SPAID officially became OEDA in January 1996. As part of the name change, the organisation's mission broadened out to encompass occupational and environmental health issues that were not related to asbestos more explicitly than before.
From 2000 to 2002, when a new legislative body known as the Greater London Authority (GLA) was established, OEDA received GLA funding. OEDA's subsequent applications to GLA were unsuccessful. OEDA was dissolved as a registered company in April 2009, two months after Nancy Tait's death, and finally removed from the register of charities on 9 May 2010.
Original proposals for the name of the charity included 'Trust for Asbestos Welfare Research and Control' (TAWRC) and 'Asbestos Induced Diseases Society' (AIDS). Proposals for the name of the successor organisation OEDA included 'Occupational Diseases Association' (ODA), 'Industrial Diseases of the Environment Association' (IDEA) and 'Investigation of Industrial Diseases of the Environment Association' (IIDEA).
The OEDA logo was designed by Matt Wilson. The contact with the designer was through then OEDA chairman Mr Laurie Horam.
SPAID was registered as a charity on 30 November 1978 (Registered Charity 276995) and removed from the register on 11 January 2000. OEDA was registered as a charity on 6 January 1994 (Registered Charity 1031036) and removed from the register on 9 May 2010. OEDA had previously been incorporated as a private limited company by guarantee without share capital use of 'Limited' exemption (Company Number 02864612, from 21 October 1993) and was formally dissolved on 14 April 2009. Known addresses for the organisation were 6A Station Road, Cuffley; Mitre House, 66 Abbey Road, Enfield; and Nancy Tait's home at 38 Drapers Road, Enfield.
Functions, occupations and activities
Functions, occupations and activities of the organisation were, on the whole, closely aligned with its stated objectives. These were (SPAID trust deed of 25 October 1978):
- (1) the promotion of research into the causes, prevention and remedial treatment of asbestosis and of any other diseases which may arise from exposure to substances utilised or employed in any industrial process whether manufacturing or otherwise or in any commercial undertaking
- (2) the dissemination of the useful results of such research for the benefit of the public
- (3) the relief and treatment of persons suffering from the aforementioned diseases
- (4) the relief of poverty amongst persons suffering from the aforementioned diseases
And (OEDA memorandum & articles of association of 30 September 1993):
- (1) to conduct and promote research into the causes, prevention and treatment of diseases which may arise from contact with or exposure to harmful substances in the course of employment or otherwise and diseases which may arise from the working environment ("Occupational Diseases") and to publish or arrange for the publication and dissemination of the useful results of such research
- (2) to educate the public in the causes prevention and treatment of Occupational Diseases
- (3) to provide counselling and advice for persons suffering from Occupational Diseases
- (4) to preserve and protect public health by promoting a safe and healthy environment
Mandates/sources of authority
Identifier of the related entity
Category of the relationship
Dates of the relationship
Description of relationship
Access points area
Subject access points
Place access points
Authority record identifier
Rules and/or conventions used
ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).
Level of detail
Dates of creation, revision and deletion
Created by Victoria Peters
Revised by Anna-K Mayer, 1 June 2016, 2017
- OEDA archive
- Nancy Tait (1983) ‘The role of SPAID (the Society for the Prevention of Asbestosis and Industrial Diseases) in the prevention of disease and the welfare of sufferers’, in Seymour S Chissick and Robert Derricott, eds, ‘Asbestos: properties, applications and hazards’ vol. 2: 9-62
- Barry I Castleman and Geoffrey Tweedale (2012) 'Turning the tide: the struggle for compensation for asbestos-related diseases and the banning of asbestos', in Christopher Sellers and Joseph Melling, eds, 'Dangerous trade: histories of industrial hazard across a global world' (Philadelphia: Temple University Press): 181-194
- Jock McCulloch and Geoffrey Tweedale (2008) 'Defending the indefensible: the global asbestos industry and its fight for survival' (Oxford University Press)