Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Personne

Forme autorisée du nom

Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer

forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

Zone de description

Dates d’existence

1849-1936

Historique

George Forbes was born in Edinburgh in 1849, the younger son of James David Forbes (later Principal of St Andrews University) and his wife, Alicia. Forbes was educated at Edinburgh Academy, and St Andrews and Cambridge universities, and graduated BA in 1871. From 1872 to 1880 he was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Anderson's University, where he collaborated with James Young on research into the velocity of light. He took a keen interest in astronomy, and led the British expedition to Hawaii in 1874 to observe the transit of Venus, returning to Scotland via Beijing and St Petersburg. Through contacts made during this journey, Forbes returned as a war correspondent with the Russian Army during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, reporting for 'The Times'. In the 1880s and 1890s, Forbes worked extensively on electrical power engineering and advocated the use of carbon brushes in electric motors rather than the wire or gauze which were then employed. From 1891 to 1895 Forbes was Consulting Engineer on the Niagara Falls hydroelectric scheme and advised on other schemes in India, South Africa, New Zealand and Upper Egypt. In the early 20th century Forbes became interested in military engineering and developed rangefinders and methods of signalling for submarines. He also returned to his early love of astronomy and delivered the David Elder Lectures on Astronomy at the Royal Technical College, Glasgow, the successor to Anderson's University. Forbes published extensively, received many honours and was a member of many distinguished learned societies worldwide. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1887. In later life he lived modestly in his 'Shed' at Pitlochry, overlooking the hydroelectric dam at Loch Faskally.

Lieux

Statut légal

Fonctions et activités

Textes de référence

Organisation interne/Généalogie

Contexte général

Zone des relations

Entité associée

Forbes, James David, 1809-1868, natural philosopher (1809-1868)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0209

Type de la relation

family

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist (1811-1883)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0032

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1872 - 1880

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Anderson's College, Glasgow (1796-1887)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

C0046

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1872 - 1880

Description de la relation

Zone des points d'accès

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Lieux

Occupations

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de notice d'autorité

P0005

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Statut

Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Sources

Obituaries in:

Obituary notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 1932-1938, Vol. 2, 1936, pp.283-286.

Proceedings of the Physical Society, Vol. 49, 1937, pp.698-700.

Nature, Vol. 138, pp.830-831.

Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, vol. 79, July-December 1936, p.693.

Notes de maintenance

  • Presse-papier

  • Exporter

  • EAC

Sujets associés

Lieux associés