Collectie T-TYR - Jaqueline Tyrwhitt papers

Identificatie

referentie code

GB 249 T-TYR

Titel

Jaqueline Tyrwhitt papers

Datum(s)

  • 1895-1971 (Vervaardig)

Beschrijvingsniveau

Collectie

Omvang en medium

0.7 metres

Context

Naam van de archiefvormer

(1905-1983)

Biografie

Jaqueline Tyrwhitt was a pioneer in the field of town planning. In an international career spanning sixty years, she practised as a landscape architect and town planner in addition to teaching and research, and contributed greatly to the professional associations in her field, particularly to the Congrés Internationeaux d'Architecture Moderne. In later years, she edited the international journal, 'Ekistics'.

Tyrwhitt was born in South Africa but moved to London at an early age. Initially her career was in garden design and landscape architecture, with some social and economic planning projects. Following periods of study in London and Berlin, her interest in town planning intensified. She taught courses in London during and after World War II and embarked on a lecture tour of Canada and the USA in 1945. She took up posts at the New School of Social Research in New York in 1948, Yale University and Toronto in 1951 and Harvard in 1955. She was Associate Professor of Urban Design at Harvard University from 1958-1969 and acted as a United Nations consultant on housing and education programmes. With Constantin Doxiadis she founded the journal, 'Ekistics', in 1955 and moved permanently to Greece in 1969.

Tyrwhitt stated that Sir Patrick Geddes was perhaps the most important formative influence on her career. In her teaching she emphasised the need for an interdisciplinary and holistic approach to planning, the use of the region as a planning unit and the importance of social and economic factors. Geddes' use of 'thinking machines' and other diagrams made a particular impression on her. She was instrumental in bringing Geddes' town planning theories to a wider audience after his death in 1932.

Geschiedenis van het archief

Directe bron van verwerving of overbrenging

After Tyrwhitt's death, the Geddes-related items among her papers were donated by her nephew, David Huws, to the University of Strathclyde.

Inhoud en structuur

Bereik en inhoud

Notes; correspondence; lecture notes; published books and pamphlets; diagrams and glass slides. Many of the items are by or related to Patrick Geddes.

Waardering, vernietiging en slectie

Aanvullingen

Ordeningstelsel

Voorwaarden voor toegang en gebruik

Voorwaarden voor raadpleging

Open

Voorwaarden voor reproductie

Taal van het materiaal

  • Engels
  • Frans

Schrift van het materiaal

Taal en schrift aantekeningen

Fysieke eigenschappen en technische eisen

Toegangen

Verwante materialen

Bestaan en verblifplaats van originelen

Bestaan en verblijfplaats van kopieën

Related units of description

Papers of Jaqueline Tyrwhitt at British Architectural Library, Royal Institute of British Architects (Ref: Acc M98 and M150)

Related descriptions

Aantekeningen

Alternative identifier(s)

Trefwoorden

Onderwerp trefwoord

Geografische trefwoorden

Genre access points

Identificatie van de beschrijving

Identificatiecode van de instelling

Taal (talen)

Schrift(en)

Bronnen

Voorwaarden voor raadpleging en gebruik